English lessons for children
Reading simple fairy tales for oral fluency and practice.
Seeing pictures and animation add to their desire and attention to want to learn more.
This to me would be quite clear cut, in many ways. It may well be a student who wants to learn certain verbs and to conjugate them in as many tenses as possible. This would be quite intense and focused. I am sure there are students who want or need intensive sessions to kick start their linguistic skills or indeed to highlight areas they need to improve in order to sit exams or advance to another level.
So intense could be any aspect of language skill. I may have a student who is very good theory and grammar but really wants and finds it very important to hone their speaking skills.
English for beginners
I have no formal experience of teaching beginners only as an individual who is naturally drawn to help those who want to speak and learn English.
I have sat down and listened to friends who had a basic know
I think about when i was learning french basics covering all daily chores and activities ( over and above the basics of name, age, etc)
From talking with or listening to someone I would be able to gauge the level of their comprehension and keep it as clear and as encouraging as possible to boost their confidence.
I would understand what line of business they are in and find appropriate words specific to that area of expertise.
Although I am not entirely sure what Business English is defined as - it must depend on what areas of weakness they need to learn. It may be somebody who wants to get clarity with grammar or verbs to present themselves more efficiently and effectively.
It may well be somebody representing a company selling a product or explaining a concept and they need help simply with their oral and fluency.
Covering many levels of linguistic ability - Listening and talking to those who have traveled to the UK and asking them about their experiences.
Tell me what you have enjoyed so far on your visit?
What are you going to do in the next few days while you are here?
English for traveling
Working with English people
I would think about the basics of any travelling situation.
I would cover such areas as directions, and modes of transport. Simple but important things such as "Where are the nearest toilets please?" What time is the next bus to..... situations where you have to ask or will be asked for something. Eating out and asking for simple things like a glass of water, or the bill. A student maybe travelling for a specific reason i.e for a football match or concert. So I would guide the vocabulary and grammar to suit.
All travellers need a place to stay and checking in at reception to confirm a reservation for so many nights and asking about breakfast and check out times etc..
Having English friends
This sounds like a cultural aspect of learning a language.
A student may ask me or be concerned about the etiquette of perhaps introducing oneself for the first time and creating a rapport. Depending on how formal the working relationship is i would adjust the type of language accordingly. It may well be a young person meeting up with group of foreign people for the first time but of the same age group and standing. So the language would be less formal and more at an appropriate level to make a good connection.
Reading and writing English
There may well be a situation with a person, for example, a french student who has had a penpal for several months and has struck up a relationship via email but hasn't really spoken to their new friend and is indeed wanting to make a good impression.
The student may well be asking me simple things like what would we do when we meet up, wanting a basic understanding verbally of everyday interactions with a new, foreign friend. I think it would be all about asking questions, enquiring and wanted to learn about their new found friend. Such things as finding common interests and things they both like to do. When i remember learning french I learnt certain phrases or sentences to start off a conversation..."So what do most English families do at the weekend?"
Understanding English movies
Learning and understanding lyrics to classic songs like the Beattles.
I was with a friend's daughter who is Thai. She loves music so I found out which particular songs she liked and we chose one and wrote out the lyrics, so this covered aural, oral and written skills which she really enjoyed.
English lifestyle and culture
I envisage being with a student who loves a particular movie. They may, for example, understand the majority of it but with dialect and colloquialisms something may be lost in translation. It would be good to watch that movie together or parts thereof and break things down and explain certain bits the missed or didn't understand.
Marrying a native English
Each country has their stereotypical aspects.
I would ask my student what their undestanding is of English culture, things they had heard or experienced. Ask them what fascinates or appeals or even scares them about English culture. And armed with that we could both paint a great picture of perhaps quintessential britishness like the weather and food.